In recent years, there has been a growing interest in and the need to produce food in a more sustainable way and respecting the surroundings and the environment. Specifically, in the production of fresh vegetables and greens, agricultural industrialisation is where it has developed the most, with off-ground cultivation, heating, fertigation, etc.
Organic production always tends to be less productive, but in recent years there has been a growing interest in organic production. intensive organic vegetable gardenalso called biointensive vegetable garden. In this post we are going to talk about it, getting to know what the intensive organic vegetable garden consists of and what benefits it can have for our agricultural company.
What is intensive organic gardening?
The intensive organic vegetable garden is an organic (ecological) production system, which aims to to produce fresh vegetables and vegetables, making the best use of the floor area available and increasing fertility of the soil year after year. In this way, it achieves a sustainable and organic production while also maintaining production.
Intensive organic gardening is based on several basic principles or techniques in order to achieve its twofold aim, the production (Quantity) and B.
Basic principles of intensive organic gardening
Soil, a fundamental pillar
In contrast to intensive organic gardening, in the conventional production of vegetables and greens, the soil has lost its importance as a source of plant nutrients. In many cases, it has ceased to exist and many plants develop their root system in fibrous bags irrigated by a fertigation system with the amount of nutrients needed at any given time.
In the intensive organic vegetable garden the soil becomes a fundamental pillar to be able to produce a significant amount of food without the need to use chemically synthesised fertilisers.
The demand for nutrients in vegetable production is very high. In order to meet this need, the intensive organic vegetable garden establishes three practices for maintaining rich soil in plant-available nutrients.
Minimum ground work
In intensive organic gardening, we try to work the soil as little as possible. Every time the soil is tilled, we incorporate a large amount of air. This causes a oxidation of organic matter present in the soil, and therefore, a loss of fertility and nutrients assimilable by plants.
On the ground there are millions of micro-organisms and bacteria which are responsible for converting organic matter and plant debris into minerals that are essential for crop development.
In order to minimise soil work and preserve the microbiological life of the soil, the intensive organic vegetable garden works with permanent beds, i.e, fixed floor spaces where crops are being established and the carbon content is increasing.